Course Description
Pakistan Studies
**Land of Pakistan:** Land and people-strategic importance, natural resources. A brief historical background of creation of Pakistan, government and politics in Pakistan, languages and cultures of Pakistan.
Islamic studies
**Fundamental of Islam, Tauheed:** Arguments for the oneness of God, impact of Tauheed on human life, Place of man in the universe, purpose of creation, textual study of Surah al-Rehman and Surah al-Furqan, Prophethood, need for prophet, characteristics of a prophet, finality of prophethood, seerat; life of the prophet as embodiment of Islamic ideology, faith in the hereafter aakhrat, effects of the belief on worldly life.
**Ibadah:** Concept of Ibadah, major Ibadah, Salat, Saom, Zakat, Hajj and Jehad.
**The Holy Quran:** Its revelation and compilation, The authenticity of the text,
**Hadith:** Its need, authenticity and importance. Consensus (Ijma), analogy (Qiyas).
**Sources of Knowledge:** Islamic approach to institution, Reason and experience. Revelation Wahi as a source of knowledge.
**Moral and Social Philosophy of Islam:** The concept of good and evil, Akhlaq-e-Hasna with special reference to surah Al-Hujrat, Professional Ethics Kasb-e-Halal.
**Islamic Political Principles:** Salient features of the Islamic state, Madina character, Responsibilities of the Head of the state, Rights and Duties of Citizens.
**Economics Order of Islam:** Right to property, System of Taxation, Distribution of Wealth Zakat and Ushar, Interest Free Economy Shirakat and Muzarabat.
**Islam as Living Force:** Application of Islam Teaching to Socio-Economic Development in the 20th Century.
Ethics ( for non-muslim students)
Nature, Scope and methods of Ethics, Ethic and Religion, Ethical teaching of world religions. Basic moral concepts, Rights and wrongs, Good and Evil, An outline of Ethical systems in philosophy, Heonism, Utilitarianism, Rationalism and Kant. Self Realization Theories, Intuitionism, Islamic moral theory: Ethics of Quran and its philosophical basis. Ethical precepts from Quran and Hadith and promotion of moral values in society.
Engineering Economics & Management
**Introduction to Economics:** Accounting, Cost benefit ratios, Interpretation of financial statements. Fundamental economic concepts. Supply and demands. Types of market and forecasting.
**The Basic Concepts of Management:** Process of planning. Project Planning. Financial Management. PERT, CPM. Managerial decision making and its impact on society: with emphasis on the selection of corporate goals, measures of corporate performance and concepts of industrial regulations and legal aspects.
**Suggested Text:** Arranged by the Faculty
Communication Skills
Technical report writing and the study of English to enable the student to express his ideas verbally and in writing. Presentation Skills.
**Business English:** Writing formal and business letters, writing formal memos, drafting notice and minutes of meetings, drafting tender notice, theoretical knowledge and comprehension of contracts and agreements, preparing proposals and technical reports, conducting and writing a project report on a mini research (sessional work).
**Engineering Ethics:** Introduction, business laws, code of conduct.
Suggested Text: Arranged by the Faculty
General Science
Applied Calculus
**Introduction to Functions: **Mathematical and physical meaning of functions, graphs of various functions. Hyperbolic functions.
**Introduction to Limits:** Theorems of limits and their applications to functions. Some useful limits, right hand and left hand limits, Continuous and discontinuous functions and their applications.
**Derivatives:** Introduction to derivatives. Geometrical and physical meaning of derivatives. Partial derivatives and their geometrical significance. Application problems (rate of change, marginal analysis)
**Higher derivatives:** Leibnitz theorem, Rolles theorem, Mean value theorem. Taylor’s and Maclaurin’s series.
**Evaluation of Limits using L’Hospital’s rule:** Indeterminate forms
Applications of derivatives: Asymptotes, tangents and normals, curvature and radius of curvature, maxima and minima of a function of a single variable (applied problems) differentials with applications.
**Applications of Partial Derivatives:** Euler’s theorem, total differentials, maxima and manima of two variables.
**Integral calculus:** Methods of integration by substitutions and by parts. Integration of rational and irrational algebraic functions. Definite integrals, improper integrals, Gamma and Beta functions, reduction formulae.
**Applications of integral calculus**: Cost function from marginal cost, rocket flights, area under curve.
**Vector algebra:** Introduction to vectors, Scalar and vector product of three and four vectors. Volume of parallelepiped and tetrahedron.
**Vector calculus:** Vector differentiation, vector integration and their applications. Operator, gradient, divergence and curl with their applications.
**Suggested Text: **
Brief Calculus and its applications by Doniel D. Benice.
Applied Calculus by Raymond A. Barnett.
Calculus by Gerald L. Bradley
Calculus and Analytical Geometry by Dr. S. M. Yusuf.
Linear Algebra, Differential equations and Solid Geometry
**Introduction to matrices, elementary row operations and vector spaces:** Brief introduction to matrices. Symmetric and Hermitian matrices, Introduction to elementary row operations, Echelon form and reduced echelon form. Rank of a matrix. Inverse of a matrix by using elementary row operations. Vector spaces. Vector subspaces. Linear combination, Linear dependence and basis, linear transformation.
**System of Linear equations:** System of non-homogeneous and homogeneous linear equations, Gaussian elimination method, Gauss Jardon method, Consistency criterion for solution of homogeneous and non-homogeneous system of linear equations. Applications of system of linear equations.
**Determinants:** Introduction to determinants, Properties of determinants of order n, Axiomatic definition of a determinant. Applications of determinants (Cramer’s Rule).
**Analytic Geometry of 3-dimensions: **Introduction Coordinates of a point dividing a line segment in a given ratio. Vector form of a straight line, parametric equations of a straight line, equation of a straight line in symmetric form, direction ratios and direction cosines, angle between two straight lines, distance of a point from a line, Planes: Equation of a plane, angle between two planes, intersection of two planes, a plane and a straight line, skew lines, Cylindrical and spherical coordinate: Introduction to cylindrical and spherical
Coordinates, Surfaces: Quadratic surfaces, degenerate surfaces, symmetry, traces, intercepts of the surfaces, surface of revolution, Cylinder and cone: Cylinder, directrix of cylinder, right cylinder, The cone, Sphere: General equation of sphere, great circle.
**Multiple integrals: **Definition, double integral as volume, evaluation of double integral, change of order of integration, Application of double integrals, area, mass of an element, moment of inertia, and center of gravity. Triple integrals, evaluation of triple integrals, application of triple integrals, volume, mass of an element, center of gravity, moment of inertia by triple integrals, triple integration in cylindrical and spherical coordinates.
**Differential equations of first order:** Differential equations and their classification, formation of differential equations, solution of differential equations, initial and boundary conditions, Methods of solution of differential equation of first order and first-degree: Separable equations, homogeneous equations, equations reducible to homogeneous, exact differential equations, integrating factor, linear equations, Bernoulli equations, orthogonal trajectories in Cartesian and polar coordinates, applications of first order differential equations. Non linear first order differential equations: Equations solvable for p, for y and for x, Clairauts equations.
**Higher Order Linear Differential Equations:** Homogeneous linear equations of order n with constant coefficients, auxiliary/ characteristics equations. Solution of higher order differential equation according to the roots of auxiliary equation. (Real and distinct, Real and repeated, and Complex). Non-homogeneous linear equations. Working rules for finding particular integral. Cauchy Euler equation. Method of variation of parameters for solving y” + p(x) y’ + q(x) y = f(x). Applications of higher order linear differential equations.
**Suggested Text: **
Brief Calculus and its Applications by Doniel D. Benice.
Applied Calculus by Raymond A. Barnett.
Calculus and Analytical Geometry by Dr. S. M. Yusuf Mathematical Methods by Dr. S. M. Yusuf.
Complex Variables and Transforms
**Complex numbers system and complex variable theory:** Introduction to complex number systems, Argand’s diagram, modulus and argument of a complex number, polar form of a complex number. DeMoivre’s theorem and its applications, Complex functions, analytical functions, harmonic and conjugate, harmonic functions, cauchy-Rehmunn equations (in Cartesian and polar coordinates). Line integrals, Green’s theorem, Cauchy’s theorem, Chauchy’s integral formula, singularities, poles, residues and contour integration and applications.
**Laplace Transforms:** Defination,. Laplace transform of elementary functions, Properties of Lapace transform, Laplace transform of derivatives and integrals. Multiplication by t and division by t properties. Periodic functions and their Laplace transforms. Inverse Laplace transform and its properties. Convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transform by integral and partial fraction methods, Heavisides expansion formula. Solution of ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform. Applications of Laplace transformation in various fields of engineering.
**Series solution of differential equations:** Introduction, The solution of p0(x)y” + p1(x)y + p2(x)y = 0, when p0(0)=0. Validity of series solution, Ordinary point, singular, point, Forbenius method, indicial equation, Bessel’s differential equation, its solution of first kind and its recurrence formulae, Legendre differential equation and its solution, Rodrigues formula.
**Fourier Transform:** Definition, Fourier transform of simple function, magnitude and phase spectra, Fourier transform theorems, Inverse Fourier transform, Solution of differential equations using Fourier transform.
Suggested Text:
Advanced Engineering Mathematics by H.K. Dass
Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Dr. B.S. Grawall
Advanced Engineering Mathematics by Erwin Crayzig
Lapace Transform by Schaum Series
Probability and Stochastic Process
**Set theory:** Basic concepts of probability. Conditional probability, Independent events, Baye's formula, discrete and continuous random variables, distributions and density functions, probability distributions (Binomial, Poisson, Hyper geometric, Normal, Uniform and Exponential). Mean, variance, standard deviations, moments and moment generating functions. Linear regression and curve fitting. Limits theorems, stochastic processes, First and second order characteristics, applications.
**Suggested Text: **
Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 7th ed., John Wiley, 1994.
Numerical Analysis
Floating Point number system. Error analysis. Solutions of equations. Interpolation. Splines. Numerical differentiation and integration. Numerical methods in linear algebra, system of linear equations, method of least squares, eigen values, eigenvectors. Solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. This subject is to be supplemented with extensive computer exercises.
Suggested Text:
Erwin Kreyszig, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, 7th ed., John Wiley, 1994
Engineering Science
Basic Mechanical Engineering
**Static: **Fundamental concepts and principles of mechanics. Important vector quantities. Fundamental units. Moments and couples. Resultants of forces and couples. Laws of equilibrium. Free body diagrams; structures, frames and machines.
**Dynamics:** Fundamentals of dynamics. Dynamics of particles and rigid body including kinematics and kinetics. Applications of Newton's second law of motion. Analysis of motion in two dimensional and three dimensional spaces. Methods of energy and momentum. Applications of Dynamics to the engineering concepts. Strength of material, Fluid Mechanics, Pulleys, Chains. Design of Flywheel, Bearings, Mechanical Power Transmission.
**Suggested Text: **
J. L. Meriam & L. G. Kraige, Engineering Mechanics Vol. 2 Dynamics, John & Wiley Sons, 1987.
Computer Aided Drawing
**Types of Lines and usage.** Dimensioning. Lettering. Orthographic 1st angle projection. Sheet Planning. Orthographic 3rd angle projection. Introduction of Computer Aided Drawing. Isometric Projection. Sectional Drawing and Assembly Drawing. The course consists of scale drawing only. Drawing sheets will be prepared on drawing board and on ACAD. Electrical circuit drawing, Electrical and Electronics CAD’s. Industrial Wiring Drawing.
**Suggested Text: **
A.C Parkinson, First Year Engineering Drawing, Latest ed., E.L.B.S.
T. W. Berghauser and P. L. Sclive, Illustrated AutoCAD, Release 10, BPB
Publishers, George Amura, Mastering Autocad 2000
Electrical Workshop
**Safety Precautions: **The use and care of tools and measuring instruments. Electric shock and its treatment, use of megger, wire-guage, phase tester and other electrician’s tools, Cables, their sizes, current rating and jointing. Solders and soldering. Main features of domestic installations and appliances, e.g. D.B. system, fluorescent lamps, fans etc. Necessity and methods of earthing, faults and remedies, in wiring circuits. Winding practice of machine coils.
**Elementary Machine Shop: **Detailed study of center lathe and accessories. Plain and taper turning, simple screw cutting. Cutting tools and their grinding. Introduction of shaper, slotter, planner, pillar and radial drilling machines.
Fitting Shop: The use and care of fitter's tools. Marking out of jobs. Practice in metal filing, sawing, drilling, Die Sinking, tapping and reaming. Introduction and use of power jack saw and arbor press.
**Smithy Shop: **The use and care of forging tools and blacksmith tools. Open hearth forge, practice in upsetting, drawing out spreading, bending, cutting and punching, hardening and tempering of small cutting tools. Soldering, brazing, electric and gas welding.
**Carpentry Shop:** The use and care of timber, its defects and preservation methods. Practice in planning and sawing. Different types of wood joints. Study of sawing, planning, turning and turning machines, pattern making.
Foundry & Pattern Shop: Casting and pattern making.
Computer Shop: Windows XP, Office automation and use of internet.
**Foundry & Pattern Shop:** Casting and pattern making.
**Computer Shop:** Windows XP, Office automation and use of internet.
**Suggested Text: **
W.A. Chapman, Workshop Technology, Part 1, Arnold Pub. Latest Edition
Basic Civil Engineering
Basic surveying, Global positioning system, Map reading, X-Y coordinates, Foundations, Civil Engineering Drawing.Preparing drawing for planes. Elevation cross section of single and multi storeyed buildings such as banglow, school, hospital office, mosque and flates etc. Foundation of electrical poles and rotating machines.
Applied Thermodynamics
Basic concepts and definitions, Processes & Cycles, concept of Thermodynamic Property and definition of State; First Law of Thermodynamics, Work & Heat as energies in transition, Interchange-ability of Energy States, Working Fluids and Steady / Unsteady Flow Energy Equations, Perfect and Real Gases; Second Law of Thermodynamics. Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Entropy & Carnot Efficiency, concept of Available Energy.
Suggested Text:
T. D. Eastop & McConkey, Applied Thermodynamics for Engineers & Technologists, Longman, 7th Edn., 1995
Core Courses of Electrical Engineering
Basic Electrical Engineering
**Electrical Elements and Circuits: **Energy and Energy transfer, Electric charge, electric current, potential difference & voltage, Electric power & energy, Electric circuits, sources, resistance, specific resistance temperature coefficient of resistance, Ohm’s law, Fundamental circuit laws, Kirchoff’s laws, Direct applications of fundamental laws to simple resistive networks, Introduction to node voltage and loop current methods.
**Capacitance:** permittivity expression for capacitance, Charging and discharging, series and parallel connection of capacitors.
Magnetic Circuits and Transformer: Magnetic effects of electric current, force produced on current carrying conductor placed in magnetic field LHR, electromagnetic induction, magnitude and direction of induced emf, Lenz’s law. Magnetic circuit concepts, Magnetization curves, Characteristics of magnetic materials, Magnetic circuits with DC excitation, Induced voltages, Self-inductance, inductance of long solenoid Mutual Inductance. Magnetic circuits with AC excitation, Hysteresis and eddy current losses, Introduction to transformer, The ideal transformer e.m.f equation.
**A.C Fundamental:** Generation of alternating emf , introduction to periodic functions, RMS or effective, Average and maximum values of current & voltage for sinusoidal signal wave forms. Introduction to phasor representation of alternating current. Power and A.C. circuit, active power, reactive power apparent power and power factor.
Introduction to Computing
**Office Automation Tools:** MS Word, MS Excel, Power Point and use of Internet. Computer programming environments, Algorithm development, Structured and modular computer programming in C. Selection, Loop, Arrays, Pointers, Sequential and direct files, and character and pixel graphics. Introduction to sorting and searching. Applications from Physics, Business, Mathematics and Humanities.
**Suggested Text: **
R. P. Halpern, C for Yourself – Learning C Using Experiments, Oxford
University Press, C Programming Exercises, First Edition, E&ME College, 1995.
Electrical Materials and Devices
Conductors, semi conductors and insulators, Energy bands, Insulators used in electrical systems. Super conductors, soft magnetic materials, permanent magnet materials. Semi conductor materials, PN-Junction, Fabrications, epitaxially grown, diffused and ion implanted junction, Depletion approximation, Zener, Varator and tunnel diodes, LED, Laser Diode, Fiber Optics.
**Suggested Text: **Electronics by Grobe
Network Analysis
**Network Theorems:** Thevenin’s theorem, Norton’s theorem, Superposition theorem, Reciprocity theorem, star delta transformation for d.c and a.c circuits. Single-phase and three phase circuit analysis
**Two port network:** Introduction, characterization of linear time-invarient, two ports by six sets of parameters. Relationship among parameter sets. Inter connection of two ports. Initial condition determination, Laplace Transform and differential equations, Laplace transform of signals involving generalized functions. Convolution. Routh Hurwitz criterion and stability. Poles & zeros. Impedance functions and network theorems. Two port parameters, Frequency response, Magnitude and Phase plots. Fourier series and transform. This course is supplemented with computer simulation of circuits and the study of responses on computers. It is also coupled with a practical laboratory.
**Suggested Text: **
S. Franco, Electric Circuits Fundamentals, Oxford University Press, 1995.
J. S. Kang, PSPice Manual for Electric Circuits Fundamentals, Oxford University Press, 1995.
Electromagnetic Field Theory
**Vector analysis:** Static electric field and scalar potential. Dielectric materials. Electric force and energy. Potential problems. Steady currents, magnetic field and vector potential. Magnetic materials and circuits. Magnetic force and torque. Faraday's Laws. Boundary conditions. Maxwell's equations. EM energy conservation. Wave equations and EM waves.
**Suggested Text: **
M. N. O. Sadiku, Elements of Electromagnetics, 2nd edition, Oxford University Press, 1994.
D.C. Machines and Drives
**Electromechanical Energy Conversion:** Forces and torques in magnetic field systems. Energy balance. Singly excited system. Coenergy. Multiply excited system. Dynamic equations
**D.C. Machines Fundamentals:** Simple linear machine. A loop rotating between pole faces. Communication. Armature construction. Armature reaction. Induced voltage and torque equation. Construction. Power flow and losses. D.C. Generators: Equivalent circuit Magnetization curve. Separately existed; shunt, series and compounded generators. Parallel operation.
D.C. Motors: Equivalent circuit. Separately excited; Shunt, permanent-magnet, series and compounded motors.
**Speed control of DC motors:** Starters, speed control methods for series, shunt and compound motors, series parallel control for traction motor, multi-voltage control, plugging, Dynamic braking, testing efficiency and temperature rise, determination of losses, divert and indirect test, estimation of temperature rise of armature, commutator and field winding, Efficiency.
Electromechanics and Machines: Transducers Unified Machine Theory.
**Suggested Text: **
Electric Machinery Fundamentals 2nd ed. 1991 by Stephen J. Chapman, McGraw-Hill.
Electric Machinery, 5th ed. 1991. Fitzgerald, Kingsley and Umans, McGraw Hill.
Electrical Machines. Hindmarsh, McGraw Hill.
Instrumentation and Measurements
**Measurement and Errors:** Definition, Accuracy, precision, sensitivity, resolution, Decibel. Bandwidth. Significant figures. Types of errors. Constructional features. Types of Ammeters, meter, etc.
**Electomechanical Instruments:** Temperature compensation. Extension of Instrument ranges by shunts and multipliers. Ohms per volt and loading effect for voltmeter. Calibration of D.C. Instruments. Watthour meter. Power-factor meters. Instrument transformers. Frequency meters. KVAR meters. Recording Instruments. Phase sequence measurement.
**Bridges and Potentiometers:** Wheatstone bridge. Kelvin bridge. A.C. bridges and their applications. A.C and D.C. potentiometers.
**Electronic Instruments:** Amplified D.C. meters. Average, peak, and true r.m.s responding A.C. voltmeters. Electronic multi-meters. Considerations in choosing an analogue voltmeter. Q meter Dual trace and storage oscilloscopes. Introduction to digital instruments. Phase angle measurement.
**Measurement of Non Electrical Quantities:** Classification of transducers.
Measurement of temprature, pressure, displacement, vibration, speed and acceleration.
**Signal Analysis:** Wave analysis. Harmonic distortion analysis. Spectrum analysis.
**Suggested Text: **
Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques, W.D. Cooper & A.D. Helfrical.
Fundamentals of Electrical Measurements, B.S. Gragory.
Electronic Measurement and Instrumentation, Olivar
Electronic Devices and Circuits
**P.N. Junction, Diode circuits:** choppers, clampers and rectifiers. Zener diode, LED, Laser diode, photo diode, tunnel diode, BJT’s FET’s and MOS-FET’S, biasing and Amplifier circuits. Opertional amplifier fundamentals, Multistage amplifier. Feedback in Amplifiers.
**Suggested Text: **
Principles of Electronic Devices and Circuits by Malvino.
Logic Design and Switching Theory
**Truth Function: **Binary connectives, Evaluation of truth functions, Physical realizations, Sufficient set of connectives, Truth functional calculus as Boolean Algebra, Duality, Fundamental theorems of Boolean Algebra, Switches and Relays, Logic Circuits, Speed and delays in logic circuits.
Minimization of Boolean Functions: Minterm and Maxterm, Karnaugh map, Simplification of Boolean function, POS and SOP expressions. Tabular **Minimization:** Prime implicants. Sequential Networks: Latches, Fundamental mode, Synthesis of sequential networks, Minimization of the number of states, Clocked networks.
**Special Realization and Codes:** Binary adders, Coding of numbers, Decoders and code conversation, ROMS, NAND and NOR implementation, Parity checkers, Counters, shift Registers and Memories, Encoding and decoding.
A.C. Machines and Drives
**Transformers: **Transformer Fundamentals, Importance of transformers. Types and construction. Ideal transformer. Theory and operation of real Single-phase transformers phasor diagrams. Leakage reactance. Losses. Equivalent circuit parameters. No load and short circuit test per Unit systems. Voltage regulation and efficiency. Autotransformers. Tapping. Parallel operation and load division. Inrush current. Exciting current. Three phase transformer. Per unit system. Three phase connections and harmonic Suppression. Vector groups. Three phase transformation using two transformers.
**Three Phase Induction Motor:** Production of rotating field and torque. Reversal of rotation. Construction. Synchronous speed. Slip and its effect on rotor frequency and voltage. Equivalent circuit. Power and torque. Losses, efficiency and power factor. Torque-speed characteristics. Starting and speed control. Induction generator.
**Single-Phase Induction Motors:** Types and performance Analysis. Heating and cooling of motors
**Synchronous Generator:** Construction. Excitation system. Equivalent circuit. Phasor diagram. Power and torque. Measurement of parameters. Generator operating alone. Capability chart. Synchronization Parallel operation with infinite bus and power sharing. Parallel operation of same size generators generating, Loss of field excitation. Cooling systems. Shut down procedure.
**Synchronous Motors:** Principle of operation starting, Shaft load, power angle and developed torque. Counter voltage (CEMF) and armature reaction voltage, equivalent circuit and phasor diagram. Power Equation. Effects of changes in shaft load and field excitation. V-curves. Losses and efficiency. Power factor improvement. Speed control. Ratings. Design aspects of transformers, Indication motors and synchronous motors.
**Suggested Text: **
Electric Machines, 1st Ed. 1991 (chapters 3,4,5,8,9). Charles I. Hubert, Maxwell Macmillan.
Electric machinery Fundamental, 2nd ed. 1991 (chapter:2,8.9 and 10), Stephen J. Chapman, McGraw Hill.
Power System Analysis
**The Admittance Model and Network Calculations:** Branch and Node admittances; Mutually coupled Branches in Y-bus; Equivalent Admittance Network; Modification of Y-bus; Impedance matrix and Y-bus; the method of successive elimination; Node Elimination (Kron Reduction); Triangular Factorization; The Impedance Model and Network Calculations: The bus, admittance and impedance Matrices; Thevenin’s Theorem and Z-bus; Modification of an existing Z-bus; Direct determination of Z-bus; Calculation of Z-bus elements from Y bus ; Power Invariant Transformations; Mutually coupled branches in Zbus.
**Symmetrical Faults:** Transients in RL circuits; internal voltages of loaded machines. Under fault conditions; fault calculations using Z bus; Equivalent circuits; Selection of circuit breakers.
**Symmetrical Components and Sequence Networks:** Synthesis of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical components of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical Y and D circuits; power in terms of symmetrical components; sequence networks of Y and D impedances; sequence networks of a symmetrical Transmission line; sequence Networks of the synchronous Machines; Sequence Networks of Y-D Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks of Y-D Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks; positive, negative and zero sequence networks;
**Unsymmetrical Faults:** Unsymmetrical faults on power systems; single line to ground faults; line to line faults. Double line to ground faults; Demonstration problems; open conductor faults.
**Load Flow Studies:** Review of network equations and solutions, network model equations and their formulation, load flow problem, Gauss-Siedel iterative method and algorithm for load flow solution, Netwon-Raphson method, NR-Algorithm for load flow solution, De coupled load flow methods, comparison of load flow methods, control of voltage profile. Computer Application.
**Steady state and Transient Stability:** the swing equation , Application of swing curve & solution of problems using digital computers, stability of loads, effects of mechanical and electrical time lag and delays, Electromechanical behavior of machine/lines/busbar systems equal criterion in machine dynamics.
Integrated Circuits and Systems
Differential amplifiers, current source biasing in integrated circuits. Operational amplifiers. Operational amplifier circuits, non-inverting, inverting, integrator, differentiator Schmitt trigger etc. Integrated circuit logic families, LSI, MSI & VLSI. design basics.
**Suggested Text: **
A. S. Sedra & K. C. Smith , Microelectronic Circuits, 4rth edition, Oxford University Press, 1997.
Power Electronics
Principles of Power Electronics, Converters and Applications, Circuit Components and their Effects, Control Aspects Power Electronic Devices: Power diode, Power BJT, Power MOSFET IGBT’ & SCR’s, GTO, & TRIAC and DIAC: construction, characteristics, operations, losses, ratings, control and protection of thyristors.
**AC to DC converters/rectifiers:** Half wave and full wave rectifiers with resistive and inductive loads. Un-controlled, semi controlled and full controlled rectification. 3 Phase rectifiers: un-controlled, semi controlled and full controlled. 6-pulse, 12-pulse and 24 pulse rectification, PWM converters.
DC to AC converters/inverters: Single phase DC to AC converters, 3 Phase inverter, 6-pulse, 12 pulse inverters, PWM inverters.
Switch Mode Power Supplies: DC to DC conversation, Buck converter, Boost converter and Buck-Boost converters. Isolated converters, Forward converters, Flyback converters.
**Suggested Text: **
Philip T. Krein, Elements of Power Electronics, Oxford University Press, 1997.
Communication Systems
**Introduction: **Fundamental terms and definitions, information, message, message, signal, analog and digital signals, elements of communication systems, modulating and coding need for modulation, coding methods and benefits.
**Signals and spectra:** Method of signal representation, time and frequency domain, mathematical representation of signals, Fourier series and Fourier transform, power in a signal, Parseval’s power theorem. Rayleigh energy theorem, properties of Fourier Transform, convolution of signals, specific signal types as impulse step and signum function.
Signal Transmission and filtering: Linear time invariant systems, impulse response and superposition integral, transfer function, block diagram analysis, distortion and equalizers, transmission loss and repeater, ideal and real filters, quadature filters and Hilbert transform, correlation and spectral density. Probability and Random variables: Probability functions, probability models and distributions, statistical averages.
**Random Signals and Noise:** Random process, ensemble and time average, stationary and ergolic process, noise equivalent BW, Analog base band transmission. Linear Modulation: Band pass systems and signals, AM, DSB, SSB, VSB, modulated signals, modulators, balanced modulator, & witching modulator, SSB generation (method), demodulators, synchronous, detection, hetrodyne detection, envelope detection.
Transmission Lines: Fundamentals of Transmission line, characteristics impedance, losses in T/L. Standing waves, quarter and half wave lines, reactance properties of T/L fundamentals of smith chart, double stub, directional couplers bluns.
**Exponential CW Modulation:** Frequency and phase modulation, bandwith criteria, generation methods, receivers, de-emphasis filtering.
Pulse Modulation: Sampling Theory, ideal sampling and reconstruction, aliasing, PAM, PWM, PPM.
**Suggested Text: **
Communication Systems by Bruce Carlson
Analog and Digital Communication by Simon Haykin
Control Systems
Examples of electrical, mechanical and biological control systems. Open and closed-loop control Mathematical models. Block diagrams. Second order systems. Step and impulse response. Performance criteria. Steady state error. Sensitivity, s-plane system stability. Analysis and design with the root locii method. Frequency domain analysis: Bode plots, Nyquist criterion, gain and phase margins, Nichols charts. The State-space method: state equations, flow graphs, stability. Compensation techniques. Sampled-data systems: z-transform, stability.
**Suggested Text: **
Linear Control Systems. McGraw-Hill, Katsushiko, Ogata
Microprocessor Based Systems
**Introduction to Microprocessor: **Basic concepts, Control unit, Internal registers, ALU, The microprocessor state, An 8-bit microprocessor (8085A or Z-80 or 6800), Timing and sequencing, Power-on and manual RESET. Memory and I/O synchronization: The wait state, Hardware single stepping, Memory speed requirements, Logic levels, Loading and Buffering. The instruction set: Data transfer Logic operations and branching, Programmed I/O interrupts and DMA operations, digital data and display, Analogue data input & output, Microprocessor system design.Program Assembly and testing, Software development, Assembly source programs, Manual Assembly of programs, Assembler directives, Pseudo instructions, Two pass Assemblers, Macros, Software testing.
**The Microcontroller:** Single-chip microprocessor, an introduction to microcontrollers, the 8051 internal RAM and registers, the 8051 interrupts systems, the 8051 instruction set, other microcontrollers on the 8051 family.
Developing Microprocessor-Based Products: An introduction to the design process, preparing the specification, developing a design, implementing and testing the design, regulatory compliance testing, design tool for microprocessor development.
Digital Signal Processing
Applications of DSP. Digital signals, systems and convolution. Fourier transform and frequency response. Sampling. Discrete time Fourier transforms. DFT and FFT algorithms. Z-transform. FIR, IIR filters and their implementation. FIR filter design methods and IIR filter design methods.
**Suggested Text: **
Digital Signal Processing by J. P. Proakis and D. G. Manolakis.
Elective Courses Electronic Engineering
Power Systems Analysis (3 Credit Hours)
The Admittance Model and Network Calculations: Branch and Node admittances; Mutually coupled Branches in Y-bus; Equivalent Admittance Network; Modification of Y-bus; Impedance matrix and Y-bus; the method of successive elimination; Node Elimination (Kron Reduction); Triangular Factorization; The Impedance Model and Network Calculations: The bus, admittance and impedance Matrices; Thevenin’s Theorem and Z-bus; Modification of an existing Z-bus; Direct determination of Z-bus; Calculation of Z-bus elements from Y bus ; Power Invariant Transformations; Mutually coupled branches in Z bus.
Symmetrical Faults: Transients in RL circuits; internal voltages of loaded machines. Under fault conditions; fault calculations using Z bus; Equivalent circuits; Selection of circuit breakers.
Symmetrical Components and Sequence Networks: Synthesis of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical components of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical Y and D circuits; power in terms of symmetrical components; sequence networks of Y and D impedances; sequence networks of a symmetrical Transmission line; sequence Networks of the synchronous Machines; Sequence Networks of Y-D Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks of Y-D Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks; positive, negative and zero sequence networks;
Unsymmetrical Faults: Unsymmetrical faults on power systems; single line to ground faults; line to line faults. Double line to ground faults; Demonstration problems; open conductor faults. Load Flow Studies: Review of network equations and solutions, network model equations and their formulation, load flow problem, Gauss-Siedel iterative method and algorithm for load flow solution, Newton-Raphson method, NR-Algorithm for load flow solution, De coupled load flow methods, comparison of load flow methods, control of voltage profile. Computer Application.
Steady state and Transient Stability: the swing equation , Application of swing curve & solution of problems using digital computers, stability of loads, effects of mechanical and electrical time lag and delays, Electromechanical behavior of machine/lines/bus bar systems equal criterion in machine dynamics.
Power Systems Protection and Control (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to power system control and its importance: Modes of Power system operation. Major tasks of operation.
SCADA (Supervisory control and Data Acquisition): System-Remote terminal unit, Control Centers, Communication Sub System, remote terminal unit, Control centers, Communication aspects.
Economic Dispatch: Characteristics of power generation units. Economic dispatch problems with and without consideration of losses. Incremental fuel cost, penalty factor, economic power interchange, Static and dynamic analysis of a one-area system. Evaluation of effect of speed change on droop characteristics. Causes of Over Voltages. Propagation of surges. Insulation coordination. Determination of system voltages produced by traveling wave surges. Protection against lightning. Surge arrestors and directors. Interference with Communication circuits. Types, performance and selection of Fuses. Purpose, type, selection and location of Reactors. Static, electromagnetic and electromechanical relays. Microprocessor controlled relays. Short Circuit calculations. Initiation of arc. Recovery voltage and re-striking voltage. Classification of circuit breakers. Protection Schemes.
Power System Design (3 Credit Hours)
Review of single-phase and three-phase steady-state A.C. circuit analysis Power system representation and per unit system Transformer model and circuit representation Three-phase transformer connections and ASA convention Transmission line steady state operation Optimal fuel selection for generation Analysis and design of interconnected power systems Transmission line parameters .
Introduction to ASIC Design (3 Credit Hours)
Modern digital design practices based on Hardware Description Languages (Verilog, VHDL) and CAD tools, particularly logic synthesis. Emphasis on design practice and the underlying algorithms. Introduction to deep submicron design issues, particularly interconnect and low power and to modern application, including multimedia, wireless telecommunications and computing. Future
Introduction to Robotics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to robotics with emphasis on the mathematical tools for kinematics and dynamics of robot arms. Geometry and mathematical representation of rigid body motion; forward and inverse kinematics of articulated mechanical arms; trajectory generation, splines, interpolation; manipulator dynamics; position sensing and actuation; mobile robots, manipulators, effectors, actuators, sensors, interfaces; Cartesian coordinates, bi dimensional and tri dimensional transformation matrices, reference frames, relative and general transformations, orientation, inverse transformations, graphs ;position and motion kinematics; Sensors hierarchy, interfaces, data merging, classification, internal and external sensors; Robot language hierarchy, action-level planning, motion planning and topics in manipulator control.
Introduction and Design of VLSI (4 Credit Hours)
VLSI Design and Design Tools, Fabrication of VLSI Devices: Concepts and Techniques used in the Fabrication of VLSI Integrated Circuits, Basic Semiconductor and MOSFET Theory, Integrated Circuit Fabrication, Integrated Circuit Layout, NMOS & CMOS Logic Design, Simulation of Circuit, Analog Circuit Design, Memory and Processor Design, Testing of VLSI System Architecture. VLSI Designing Using Hardware Description Languages: Programming in Verilog and VHDL, Net listing, Simulation and Testing.
Industrial Process Control (4 Credit Hours)
Monitoring and control of volume, flow and temperature. Vibration monitoring and control. Weight, width, thickness control. Automatic gauge control. Combustion/burner management in boilers, furnaces etc. Pneumatic electronics and PID Controllers, control Valves, advance control techniques, microprocessor based implementation, three level and time delay method of tambura, decentralized control
Industrial Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Time Delay Action. Resistance Welding with Solid State Circuits. High Frequencies and Shorter Wavelengths (Ultrasonic, Induction Heating, Light, Color, Infra-red or Heat-rays Ultra-violet-Rays, Lasers, X-Rays, Gamma rays).Programmable Logic Controllers and Distributed Control Systems. Temperature Recorders. Non-electronic Devices.
Industrial Instrumentation (3 Credit Hours)
Meters and measurements. Strain gauges and bridge circuits. Thermistors and thermocouples: Operational amplifiers. Digital circuits. Interface circuits. Noise reduction and filters. Data paths in a personal computer. A/D and D/A conversion. Programmable logic controllers. Solenoids and small motors. Pressure and flow measurements
Electromagnetics (3 Credit Hours)
Electromagnetic Model, Vector Analysis. Coulomb’s law. Gauss’s law and applications. Electric potential Conductors and dielectrics in static electric field Electric flux density and dielectric constant Boundary conditions for electrostatic fields Capacitance and Capacitors Electrostatic energy and forces. Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations and uniqueness. Method of images. Boundary-value problems. Current density and ohm’s law. Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws. Joule’s law, boundary conditions, resistance. Magneto-statics in free space. Vector magnetic potential, Biot-Savart law. Magnetic dipole, magnetization. Magnetic field intensity, magnetic circuits. Magnetic materials, boundary conditions, inductance. Magnetic energy, magnetic forces, torque. Time varying fields and Maxwell’s equations introduction
Antenna Design (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction – Examples of antenna systems, radiation patterns, directivity, polarization, impedance, Friiis’ equation, the radar equation, antenna temperature and noise. Antenna radiation – the antenna as a source of radiation, duality and reciprocity, near and far-field form a dipole, image theory, mutual coupling. Aperture antennas and Babinet’s principle, micro strip antennas. Linear and planar antenna arrays, synthesis of radiation patterns. Physical limits – Super directivity, bandwidth vs. size, mutual resistance and correlation. Practical design – High gain, conformal, low frequency, and terminal antennas. System aspects – Radar, radar cross-section of antennas, radio propagation, link budget, fading space and polarization diversity. Cellular and sector systems, adaptive and multi-beam antennas.
Applied Fuzzy Logic (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction. Benefits of Fuzzy Technology with emphasis on its Engineering Applications. Classical Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Membership Functions. Fuzzy Rule Based Systems, Fuzzy Control Systems, Fuzzy Logic Fuzzification and De-Fuzzification. Fuzzy to Crisp Conversions. Fuzzy Logic Control. Fuzzy Arithmetic. Other Engineering Applications
Digital Communication Systems (4 Credit Hours)
Binary Transmission and the Concept of time: Bits, Baud, words per minute, Timing, Distortion and Channel Capacity. Digital Input and Output Devices, Data. Input and Output Devices. Digital Transmission on an Analog Channel. OOK, FSK, PSK, QPSK, BPSK, QAM, PCM, DPCM, Delta Modulation, Ciompanding. Multiplexing and De-multiplexing Systems. TDM, Framing, Synchronization, Pulse Stuffing, PCM Switching, Data Switching and Computer Communication, Packet Switching, Optional Fiber Transmission OSI Reference Model.
Digital Control Systems (4 Credit Hours)
Sampled Data Systems. Discrete Signals and Sampling, Discrete Transfer Functions. Digital to Analog Conversion. Discrete Equivalents for Continuous Controller, Discrete Models for Sampled Data Systems, Pulse Transfer Functions for Feedback Systems. Stability of Digital Control Systems. Direct Digital Design by Transform Methods.
Digital System Design (4 Credit Hours)
Basic Hardware Modeling, Hierarchical Modeling Concepts, Verilog Constructs, Gate-level Modeling, Dataflow Modeling, Behavioral Modeling, Switch-level Modeling. Timing and Delays. Programming Languages Interface, Logic Synthesis and Verilog.
Communication Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction. Radio Frequency Circuits. Amplitude Modulation, Transmitters and Receivers.
Suppressed-Carrier AM Systems. Angle Modulation. Phase Locked Loops and Frequency Synthesis. FM Equipment. Television. Telephone Systems. Digital Communications and Transmission. Modems, LAN and WAN. Transmission Lines, Wave Propagation, and Antennae
Microwave Devices. Terrestrial Systems and Satellite Communications. Fiber Optics. Mobile and Personal Communications Systems
Real-Time Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Examples of real-time applications. Types of timing constraints. Scheduling and resource management paradigms. Periodic-task model. Cyclic, executive, priority- driven approach, Schedulability conditions, validation methods Complex workload model: well known scheduling algorithms, scheduling anomalies, methods for deriving worst-case performance bounds Concurrency control and temporal consistency of real-time data Real-time facilities of programming languages (e.g., Ada, Ada9x) Operating systems and hardware support for real-time applications. Posex real-time extensions; features of well-known real-time operating systems; guaranteeing timely message delivery in FDDI networks; etc. Formal methods for specifying and reasoning about timing constraints
Data Acquisition Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Concepts of linear systems, impedance and transforms. Ideal operational amplifiers and their use, summing, integrating, and differentiating. Properties of real operational amplifiers, I/O impedance, offset, drift, common mode gain, noise, limiting, finite frequency response and gain. Non-linear analog elements, comparators, absolute value, phase-locked loops, and voltage-to-frequency converters. Analog switching, Sample and hold, track and hold, multiplexing. Digital to analog (D/A) conversion, ladders, voltage, and current switching, codes. Analog to digital (A/D) conversion, characteristics of types of A/D converters in use. Data acquisition systems, sampling, quantization, encoding, multiplexing. Interfacing to digital systems, timing, bussing, and driving considerations. Digital signal processing, discrete Fourier transform, digital filters. Communication theory, compaction codes, multiplexing.
Wireless Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Multi-access methods (TDMA, FDMA, CDMA), antennas, signal propagation, signal encoding and propagation, spread spectrum and CDMA with frequency hopping or direct sequence, error-correcting codes (convolution codes, block codes, trellis decoding, turbo decoding), satellite communication, mobile telephones including both older standards and 3G, cordless telephones (DECT), wireless access nets, mobile IP, WAP, wireless LAN, Bluetooth. Orientation of research in wireless communication systems at the university
Digital Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Digital communications at the block diagram level, data compression, Lempel-Ziv algorithm, scalar and vector quantization, sampling and aliasing, the Nyquist criterion, PAM and QAM modulation, signal constellations, finite-energy waveform spaces, detection, and modeling and system design for wireless communication
Satellite Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to Satellite Communication, Satellite Link Design, Propagation Characteristics of Fixed and Mobile Satellite Links, Channel Modeling, Access Control Schemes, System Performance Analysis, System Design, Mobile Satellite Services, Global Satellite Systems, National Satellite Systems, Mobile Satellite Network Design, Digital Modem Design, Speech Code Design, Error Control Codec Design, Low Earth Orbit Communication Satellite Systems
Mobile Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Need for Mobile System Basic Cellular System. Performance Criteria, Operation of Cellular System. Analog and Digital Cellular Systems. Elements of Cellular System Design Specifications of Analog System. Cell Coverage for Signal and Traffic, Cell Site and Mobile Antennas, Co Channel Interference Reduction
Microwave Engineering (3 Credit Hours)
Microwave Components; Waveguides, Waveguide Junctions, Directional Couplers, Isolators, Circulators, Resonators. Microwave Generators: Microwave Tubes, two Cavity Klystron, Reflex Klystron, TWT, and Magnetron. Microwave Semiconductor Devices. Gunn Diode, Impact Diode, PIN Diode, Mixers, Detectors. Microwave Measurements, Measurement of Frequency, VSWR, Power, Noise and Impedance.
Lasers and Applications (4 Credit Hours)
Introduction to light and lasers. Basic Optical Engineering. Introduction to lasers. Laser Safety. Laser Surface Treatment. Lasers in Microelectronics. Photonics, Fiber optics and Integrated Optics. Consumer, Entertainment and Holography Applications, Laser Automation and In Process Sensing. Future laser applications
Opto-Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Basic Physics of Light. Light Sources; Natural Light Sources, Gas Discharge Lamps, Light Emitting Diodes, Photodiodes, Solar Cells, Photo-Transistor, Infrared Detectors. Opto-isolators. Displays; Digital Display Technology, LED Displays and Liquid Crystal Displays. Gas and Ruby Lasers, Semiconductor Injection Lasers. Fiber Couplers. Wavelength Division Multiplexers
Optical Communication & Computing (3 Credit Hours)
Optical Sources, Optical Detectors, Complete Optical Communication system, Optical Amplifiers, Wavelength Division Multiplexing. Electromagnetic concepts. Concepts of modes and single mode fibers. Dispersion and Attenuation in Fibers. Comparisons, Laser Principles. Laser Diodes. Noise Detection. System Design
Artificial Intelligence and Decision (4 Credit Hours)
Types of Intelligence, Cognitive Models, Knowledge Representation, Pattern Matching, Functional Programming in LISP (or Prolog), Goal-based Systems, Heuristic Search and Games, Expert Systems. Language Understanding, Robotics and Computer Vision, Theorem Proving and Deductive Systems and Learning. Applications Using Commercially Available Expert Systems
Artificial Neural Networks (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, Benefits of Neural Network Technology. Biological Neuron. Model of a Single Artificial Neuron. Neural network architectures. Learning paradigms; supervised learning, reinforcement learning, Hebbian learning, BoltzMann learning, un-supervised learning. Early neuron models; Mc Cluchpitt’s model, perceptron, ADALINE. Feed forward neural networks; multilayer perceptron networks, radial basis Function networks. Hopfield’s network simulated annealing. Introduction to modular neural networks.
Digital Image Processing (4 Credit Hours)
Image formation process, types of images (Infrared, Thermal and Video range etc.), image segmentation, Hough transform, shape from stereo, motion and shading. Image acquisition techniques, digitization, acquisition flaws, image storage, compression techniques, image transformation (translation, scaling, rotation, stereo, 3D modeling , discrete time description of signals , fast Fourier transform image enhancement image histogram, contrast enhancement, histogram manipulation , thresh holding, binarization, Grey scale and color images, smoothing, sharpening, edge detection, morphological operators ( erosion, dilation, opening, closing)medical axis transform, skeletonization, thinning.
Voice and Audio Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Digital audio background and issues in sound and event programming. Digital sound formats and quality Coding style and techniques for digital audio. The software development cycle. Software development tools and IDEs. File formats and I/O for sound and event data. Dimensions of sound I/O APIs. Using Sound I/O APIs on several platforms MIDI. Introduction MIDI I/O API examples Compression formats, codec, and players. Real-time I/O and Internet streaming Browser and OS Plug-in architectures Audio and media plug-in API examples. Speech recognition - knowledge-based approaches, stochastic, connectionism; phoneme recognition, lexical access, prosody. Speech synthesis - formants, concatenation, linguistic knowledge; TTS, SSC, dialogue, speaker characteristics etc
Automatic Speech Recognition (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to automatic speech recognition by computers, including digital sampling, Introduction to biophysics of human ear. Fourier transformation, Phonemic classification by neural networks and Viterbi search. Wave files, phonetics, artificial neural networks.
Computer Graphics (4 Credit Hours)
Introduction to computer graphics; fundamentals of input and display devices geometrical transformations; homogeneous co-ordinates; representing curves and surfaces; solid modeling; 2D transformations, translation, rotation, scaling, shear etc; clipping, windowing techniques; modeling hierarchies; 3D transformations; viewing in 3D; planar projections, 3D curves and surfaces; perspective viewing; 3D clipping; geometric algorithms for graphics problems, with applications to ray tracing, hidden surface elimination, algorithms etc. Architecture and implementation of display and interaction devices
Parallel and Distributed Computing Systems (3 Credit Hours)
History and Current Practices. Data Parallelism, Multi-Processor Architecture, Process Communication, Data Sharing, Synchronous Parallelism, Multi-Computer Architecture, Data Partitioning, Distributed Memory, Scheduling Parallel Program; Object Oriented Parallel Program. Numerous issues surrounding hardware and software. Research and Development Directions
Data Network Design (3 Credit Hours)
Review of Basic Data Communications. Switching. Virtual LANs and Design IGRP, ACL, IPX. Communication Devices, IP Addressing Media and Design Structured Cabling WAN Design Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Frame Relay (FR) The OSI 7-Layer Internetworking Model The Media Layers: Ethernet & TCP/IP The Host Layers: Application, Presentation, & Session Introduction to WAN Technologies The Networking Layer & Routing The Router User Interface & Modes Displaying Router Configuration Information Router Setup & Setup Configuration Router Configuration Sources for Cisco IOS Software Fundamentals of TCP/IP Configuration IP Addresses & Router Interfaces Router Configuration and Routing Protocols Access Lists and Firewalls
Networking with TCP/IP (3 Credit Hours)
Networking Basics (An Overview).Protocols & Communications Channels: The OSI model, Protocol variations, Importance of layer distinctions, Communications channels. IP Addresses, Configuration and Routing. Repeaters, Routers, Gateways, Bridges Domain Name System (DNS) Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). TCP/IP Troubleshooting: Basic approach to troubleshooting, Tools: ping, netstat, nslookup, dig, traceroute. Testing connectivity and network access: Testing routing and name service. Network Applications and Servers. Client/Server Model Telnet File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP) Network File System (NFS)
Network Programming (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, terminology, OSI and TCP/IP reference Models, layered architecture, data link layer: protocols, Ethernet, bridges. Protocols: IP, TCP, UDP, FTP, PPP, ARP, RARP, ICMP, DNS, SNMP, SMTP, NFS. Networking Commands: netstat, ifconfig, ping, traceroute, tcpdump, sock, telnet, rlogin Berkeley sockets: C/C++, Java, NT. Application Layer: security, SNMP, mail, WWW. UNIX programming.
Network Security (3 Credit Hours)
Overview of network security Cryptography Authentication Real-world protocols using cryptography Gaining access Maintaining access Maintaining access Covering tracks Intrusion detection systems Denial-of-service DDoS Viruses Worms Honeypots Anonymization IP spoofing Infrastructure attacks Social engineering
Network Management (3 Credit Hours)
Overview of Network Management. Network Technology as Related to Network Management. N.M. Foundations (OSI model, ASN.1). SNMP Information model (SNMPv1, MIB model). SNMP Communication model. SNMP Remote Monitoring (RMON) Management of Broadband Services (DSL, ATM) Management of Telecommunication Networks (TMN) CORBA Network Management. Network Management Tools & Applications.
Fault Tolerant Computing (3 Credit Hours)
The techniques used in design and analysis of fault-tolerant digital systems. The study and investigation of existing fault-tolerant systems. Both Hardware and software methods will be studied and new research topics will be investigated. The topics to be covered include Faults and their manifestations, Fault/error modeling, Reliability, availability and maintainability analysis, System evaluation, performance--reliability trade-offs, System level fault diagnosis, Hardware and software redundancy techniques, Fault--tolerant system design methods, Mobile computing and Mobile communication environment, Fault injection methods, Software fault-tolerance, Case studies of fault-tolerant systems, Current research issues etc.
Elective Courses Computer Engineering
Introduction to Robotics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to robotics with emphasis on the mathematical tools for kinematics and dynamics of robot arms. Geometry and mathematical representation of rigid body motion; forward and inverse kinematics of articulated mechanical arms; trajectory generation, splines, interpolation; manipulator dynamics; position sensing and actuation; mobile robots, manipulators, effectors, actuators, sensors, interfaces; Cartesian coordinates, bi dimensional and tri dimensional transformation matrices, reference frames, relative and general transformations, orientation, inverse transformations, graphs ;position and motion kinematics; Sensors hierarchy, interfaces, data merging, classification, internal and external sensors; Robot language hierarchy, action-level planning, motion planning and topics in manipulator control.
Theory of Semiconductor Devices (3 Credit Hours)
Quantum mechanics of semiconductors. Energy bands. Dynamics of Block electrons in static and high-frequency electric and magnetic fields; equilibrium statistics; transport theory, diffusion, drift and thermoelectric effects; and characteristics of p-n junctions, hetero-junctions, and transistor devices. Course topics include review of basic quantum mechanics, Lattice vibrations, Symmetry of crystal and band theory, Carrier statistics, Scattering theory and Boltzmann equation, Generation Recombination, Device equations, Hetero-junction, Diodes, Transistors, Electron dynamics, Kinetics of selected mechanisms, thermal, optical, inter-band, band-impurity transitions, Auger processes etc
Introduction and Design of VLSI (4 Credit Hours)
VLSI Design and Design Tools, Fabrication of VLSI Devices: Concepts and Techniques used in the Fabrication of VLSI Integrated Circuits, Basic Semiconductor and MOSFET Theory, Integrated Circuit Fabrication, Integrated Circuit Layout, NMOS & CMOS Logic Design, Simulation of Circuit, Analog Circuit Design, Memory and Processor Design, Testing of VLSI System Architecture. VLSI Designing Using Hardware Description Languages: Programming in Verilog and VHDL, Net listing, Simulation and Testing.
Computer System Analysis (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to Computer System and Network Evaluation, Combinatorial Modeling Methods, State-Based Methods, Stochastic Activity Networks, Case Studies in Modeling Using Stochastic Activity Networks, Introduction to Queuing Theory (Notation, Single Queues, Little's Result) , Symbolic State-space Exploration and Numerical Analysis of State-sharing Composed Models , Simulation Basics, Fault Injection Methods and Mechanisms ,Fault Removal and Benchmarking using Fault Injection ,Conclusions and the Art of Assessment Revisited.
Applied Fuzzy Logic (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction. Benefits of Fuzzy Technology with emphasis on its Engineering Applications. Classical Sets, Fuzzy Sets, Membership Functions. Fuzzy Rule Based Systems, Fuzzy Control Systems, Fuzzy Logic Fuzzification and De-Fuzzification. Fuzzy to Crisp Conversions. Fuzzy Logic Control. Fuzzy Arithmetic. Other Engineering Applications
Fault Tolerant Computing (3 Credit Hours)
The techniques used in design and analysis of fault-tolerant digital systems. The study and investigation of existing fault-tolerant systems. Both Hardware and software methods will be studied and new research topics will be investigated. The topics to be covered include Faults and their manifestations, Fault/error modeling, Reliability, availability and maintainability analysis, System evaluation, performance--reliability trade-offs, System level fault diagnosis, Hardware and software redundancy techniques, Fault--tolerant system design methods, Mobile computing and Mobile communication environment, Fault injection methods, Software fault-tolerance, Case studies of fault-tolerant systems, Current research issues etc.
Array Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Conventional Beam forming Line array beam forming (plane wave beam forming, spatial transfer function, grating lobes and visible/invisible space, ocean acoustics examples). FFT beam forming (plane wave beam forming, FFT as a spatial transform, normalization for absolute values, ocean acoustics examples). Adaptive Beam forming Constrained and unconstrained adaptation (adaptive spatial filtering and relationship to adaptive filtering, incorporation of look direction constraints, ocean acoustics examples). Matched Field Processing Incorporation of full-wave field propagation models (comparison with plan-wave signal models, replica vector generation, generalization of beam forming equations, ocean acoustics examples). The wave equation and representations of simple solutions. Phase velocity. Useful expansions and transforms. Impulse response. Array output maximization. Waves in a homogeneous space. Beam forming in Geophysics Response of simple linear and planar arrays. Sub arrays. Arrays as spatial filters. Estimation of signal and noise fields, the cross-spectral matrix and its properties. Implications of array design. Sparse array techniques. Kinds of horizontal wave functions. Algorithms in Array Processing
Parallel Processing (3 Credit Hours)
The design, implementation, analysis, correction of efficient parallel programs and to become familiar with existing parallel computers and programming environments for parallel computation. This course covers the architecture, performance, availability, security, and applications of multiprocessors, multi-computer clusters, national grids, distributed firewalls, intrusion response systems, Internet and wireless security, and network-based computing systems. Topics include The Scope of Parallel Computing, Parallel Architecture: Basic issues and its influence on programming, Performance Evaluation, Algorithm Design and Analysis, Parallel Programming: MPI, Cluster and Distributed Network Computing, Other Current Trend of Parallel Processing. Both performance and security issues will be greatly emphasized.
Distributed Processing (3 Credit Hours)
The overview of business data communications and the impact of distributed systems on the business enterprise, to analyze the features of centralized, decentralized, and distributed systems; and technology implications as they relate to analysis, design, and development of distributed processing systems. Topics include Shared-Variable Programming, processes and synchronization ,locks and barriers, semaphores, monitors, implementations; Distributed Programming, message passing, RPC and rendezvous ,paradigms for process interaction ,implementations , Remote Procedure Calls, Inter-process Communication, Synchronization, Service Replication, Group Communication, Distributed Shared Memory, Distributed File Services, Distributed Naming Services etc
System Software (3 Credit Hours)
Physical Introduction to UNIX, system administration, Database management systems and web severs, System programming. Purpose of operating systems. Typical system structure, virtual machines. Multiple processes, Scheduling, Multiprogramming, mutual exclusion and synchronization. Polling and interrupt based device scheduling; buffering. Memory management: Need for and use of virtual memory, segmented and paged systems, performance issues. Resource allocation, deadlock management. File systems, directory structures. Protection and security. Client Server computing: The microkernel as message passer. The remote procedure call paradigm. Client server examples such as the Network File System and X windows.
Writing Device Drivers (3 Credit Hours)
C language Review. Coding techniques for writing system programs. Pentium protected mode architecture. Study of the Implementation of Minix 2.0. Micro kernel. Processes, Interrupts handling, Inter Process communication. Device drivers. Clock driver, ram disk driver etc Memory manager. All system calls. File System: Brief study of file system implementation. Linux Programming in Kernel
Real-Time Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Examples of real-time applications. Types of timing constraints. Scheduling and resource management paradigms. Periodic-task model. Cyclic, executive, priority- driven approach, Schedulability conditions, validation methods Complex workload model: well known scheduling algorithms, scheduling anomalies, methods for deriving worst-case performance bounds Concurrency control and temporal consistency of real-time data Real-time facilities of programming languages (e.g., Ada, Ada9x) Operating systems and hardware support for real-time applications. Posex real-time extensions; features of well-known real-time operating systems; guaranteeing timely message delivery in FDDI networks; etc. Formal methods for specifying and reasoning about timing constraints
Digital Instrumentation (3 Credit Hours)
Study of conventional Electronics. Test and Measurement instruments. Review of sensors and transducers. Automatic Testing and Measurement instruments. Applications of computers in automatic testing and in day to day applications such as Biomedicine, Radars etc.
Communication Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction. Radio Frequency Circuits. Amplitude Modulation, Transmitters and Receivers. Suppressed-Carrier AM Systems. Angle Modulation. Phase Locked Loops and Frequency Synthesis. FM Equipment. Television. Telephone Systems. Digital Communications and Transmission. Modems, LAN and WAN. Transmission Lines, Wave Propagation, and Antennae Microwave Devices. Terrestrial Systems and Satellite Communications. Fiber Optics. Mobile and Personal Communications Systems
Data Acquisition Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Concepts of linear systems, impedance and transforms. Ideal operational amplifiers and their use, summing, integrating, and differentiating. Properties of real operational amplifiers, I/O impedance, offset, drift, common mode gain, noise, limiting, finite frequency response and gain. Non-linear analog elements, comparators, absolute value, phase-locked loops, and voltage-to-frequency converters. Analog switching, Sample and hold, track and hold, multiplexing. Digital to analog (D/A) conversion, ladders, voltage, and current switching, codes. Analog to digital (A/D) conversion, characteristics of types of A/D converters in use. Data acquisition systems, sampling, quantization, encoding, multiplexing. Interfacing to digital systems, timing, bussing, and driving considerations. Digital signal processing, discrete Fourier transform, digital filters. Communication theory, compaction codes, multiplexing.
Artificial Intelligence and Decision (4 Credit Hours)
Types of Intelligence, Cognitive Models, Knowledge Representation, Pattern Matching, Functional Programming in LISP (or Prolog), Goal-based Systems, Heuristic Search and Games, Expert Systems. Language Understanding, Robotics and Computer Vision, Theorem Proving and Deductive Systems and Learning. Applications Using Commercially Available Expert Systems
Digital Control Systems (4 Credit Hours)
Sampled Data Systems. Discrete Signals and Sampling, Discrete Transfer Functions. Digital to Analog Conversion. Discrete Equivalents for Continuous Controller, Discrete Models for Sampled Data Systems, Pulse Transfer Functions for Feedback Systems. Stability of Digital Control Systems. Direct Digital Design by Transform Methods.
Programmable Logic Devices (3 Credit Hours)
Overview and introduction of Verilog; Data types, behavioral description, Combinational and Sequential Logic, Switch level Modeling. FPGA, SRAM programmable FPGA, Anti-Fuse programmed FPGAs, Commercial FPGAs, Erasable Programmable Logic Devices, Advance topics
Intelligent Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Definition of systems. Modeling and Control. Continuous and Discrete Dynamic models. Markov decision processes Foundations of intelligent systems and controls. Numerical optimization using Newton-Raphson methods, Linear programming, Dynamic programming, Genetic algorithms Graphical models Expert systems, Bayesian networks, Neural networks Complex systems: Hybrid, distributed, and uncertain systems Definition of stable, robust, and Fault-tolerant performance Adaptation and learning
Artificial Neural Networks (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, Benefits of Neural Network Technology. Biological Neuron. Model of a Single Artificial Neuron. Neural network architectures. Learning paradigms; supervised learning, reinforcement learning, Hebbian learning, BoltzMann learning, un-supervised learning. Early neuron models; Mc Cluchpitt’s model, perceptron, ADALINE. Feed forward neural networks; multilayer perceptron networks, radial basis Function networks. Hopfield’s network simulated annealing. Introduction to modular neural networks.
Virtual Reality (3 Credit Hours)
Movies, Virtual Reality, Input Devices, Output Devices. Computing Architectures for Virtual Reality, Modeling Programming in Virtual Reality. Toolkits. Human factors; Traditional Applications. Emerging Applications of Virtual Reality. Emerging Applications of Virtual Reality
Industrial Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Time Delay Action. Resistance Welding with Solid State Circuits. High Frequencies and Shorter Wavelengths (Ultrasonic, Induction Heating, Light, Color, Infra-red or Heat-rays Ultra-violet-Rays, Lasers, X-Rays, Gamma rays).Programmable Logic Controllers and Distributed Control Systems. Temperature Recorders. Non-electronic Devices.
Digital Signal Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Fundamentals, Theory and Applications. Discrete time signals. The Z-transform. Input Output relationship. Discrete time networks. Discrete Fourier transforms. Basic programming considerations, Digital filters. IIR filters. FIR filter. Design techniques. Filter design by modeling. Quantization effects. Signal processing algorithms. DSP system design. DSP chips. Digital filters implementations. Filter and system examples.
Information Theory & Coding (3 Credit Hours)
Analog and Amplitude Modulation, DSB-SC and SSB Modulation and Demodulation, Types of Amplitude Modulators. VSB Modulation. Angle Modulation, Frequency and Phase Modulation, Narrow-Band FM, Wide-Band FM, Modulators and Demodulators of FM .Pulse, Pulse Amplitude, Pulse-Width, Pulse Position and Pulse-Code Modulation (PCM), Differential PCM, Delta Modulation. Digital Modulation Technique PSK, FSK, QPSK, QAM, Digital Multiplexing, Clock Synchronization, Bit/Byte Interleaving Information Theory. Information Contents of a Message, Average Information per Symbol and Source Information Rate, Discrete and Continuous Channels. Channel Capacity, Shannon Hartley Theorem, Huffman, Coding.
Data Compression Methods (3 Credit Hours)
Current techniques in image and video compression. Basic theory and performance of compression algorithms. Information Theory; Scalar quantization; Vector quantization - LBG algorithm, structured VQs; Transform Coding - KLT, DCT LOT, wavelets; Sub band Coding; Bit allocation techniques ; Video compression - Motion estimation and compensation; Image and Video Coding standards: JPEG, MPEG, H.263.
Data Network Design (3 Credit Hours)
Review of Basic Data Communications. Switching. Virtual LANs and Design IGRP, ACL, IPX. Communication Devices, IP Addressing Media and Design Structured Cabling WAN Design Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Frame Relay (FR) The OSI 7-Layer Internetworking Model The Media Layers: Ethernet & TCP/IP The Host Layers: Application, Presentation, & Session Introduction to WAN Technologies The Networking Layer & Routing The Router User Interface & Modes Displaying Router Configuration Information Router Setup & Setup Configuration Router Configuration Sources for Cisco IOS Software Fundamentals of TCP/IP Configuration IP Addresses & Router Interfaces Router Configuration and Routing Protocols Access Lists and Firewalls
Networking with TCP/IP (3 Credit Hours)
Networking Basics (An Overview).Protocols & Communications Channels: The OSI model, Protocol variations, Importance of layer distinctions, Communications channels. IP Addresses, Configuration and Routing. Repeaters, Routers, Gateways, Bridges Domain Name System (DNS) Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). TCP/IP Troubleshooting: Basic approach to troubleshooting, Tools: ping, netstat, nslookup, dig, traceroute. Testing connectivity and network access: Testing routing and name service. Network Applications and Servers. Client/Server Model Telnet File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP) Network File System (NFS)
Network Programming (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, terminology, OSI and TCP/IP reference Models, layered architecture, data link layer: protocols, Ethernet, bridges. Protocols: IP, TCP, UDP, FTP, PPP, ARP, RARP, ICMP, DNS, SNMP, SMTP, NFS. Networking Commands: netstat, ifconfig, ping, traceroute, tcpdump, sock, telnet, rlogin Berkeley sockets: C/C++, Java, NT. Application Layer: security, SNMP, mail, WWW. UNIX programming.
VLSI Design (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to Hardware Modeling Languages. CAD tools for logic synthesis and simulation. Design methodology. Rapid Prototyping using field programmable gate arrays. IC chip design.
Analog Integrated Circuits (3 Credit Hours)
Laboratory and lecture course on the physical theory, design, and fabrication of devices suitable for integrated circuitry; includes the electronic properties of semiconductors and techniques (epitaxial growth, oxidation, photolithography diffusion, ion implantation, metallization, characterization) for fabricating integrated circuit devices such as p-n junction diodes, bipolar transistors and field-effect transistors
Multimedia Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to technologies for multimedia communications. Efficient representation of multimedia data, including video, image, and audio, Compression technologies: H.26x, MPEG, and JPEG. Deliverance a variety of networks: Sending multimedia over ATM, wireless, and IP networks, Error resilience and quality of service The H.32x series, standards for audiovisual communication systems in various network environments. Current research results in multimedia communication.
Elective Courses Telecom Engineering
Digital Signal Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Fundamentals, Theory and Applications. Discrete time signals. The Z-transform. Input Output relationship. Discrete time networks. Discrete Fourier transforms. Basic programming considerations, Digital filters. IIR filters. FIR filter. Design techniques. Filter design by modeling. Quantization effects. Signal processing algorithms. DSP system design. DSP chips. Digital filters implementations. Filter and system examples
Information Theory & Coding (3 Credit Hours)
Analog and Amplitude Modulation, DSB-SC and SSB Modulation and Demodulation, Types of Amplitude Modulators. VSB Modulation. Angle Modulation, Frequency and Phase Modulation, Narrow-Band FM, Wide-Band FM, Modulators and Demodulators of FM .Pulse, Pulse Amplitude, Pulse-Width, Pulse Position and Pulse-Code Modulation (PCM), Differential PCM, Delta Modulation. Digital Modulation Technique PSK, FSK, QPSK, QAM, Digital Multiplexing, Clock Synchronization, Bit/Byte Interleaving Information Theory. Information Contents of a Message, Average Information per Symbol and Source Information Rate, Discrete and Continuous Channels. Channel Capacity, Shannon Hartley Theorem, Huffman, Coding.
Digital Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Digital communications at the block diagram level, data compression, Lempel-Ziv algorithm, scalar and vector quantization, sampling and aliasing, the Nyquist criterion, PAM and QAM modulation, signal constellations, finite-energy waveform spaces, detection, and modeling and system design for wireless communication
Image & Video Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Image formation process, types of images (Infrared, Thermal and Video range etc.), image segmentation, Hough transform, shape from stereo, motion and shading. Image acquisition techniques, digitization, acquisition flaws, image storage, compression techniques, image transformation ( translation, scaling, rotation, stereo, 3D modeling , discrete time description of signals , fast Fourier transform image enhancement image histogram, contrast enhancement, histogram manipulation , thresh holding, binarization, Grey scale and color images, smoothing, sharpening, edge detection, morphological operators ( erosion, dilation, opening, closing) medical axis transform, skeletonization, thinning.
Voice & Audio Processing (3 Credit Hours)
Digital audio background and issues in sound and event programming. Digital sound formats and quality Coding style and techniques for digital audio The software development cycle. Software development tools and IDEs. File formats and I/O for sound and event data. Dimensions of sound I/O APIs. Using Sound I/O APIs on several platforms MIDI. Introduction MIDI I/O API examples Compression formats, codec, and players. Real-time I/O and Internet streaming Browser and OS Plug-in architectures Audio and media plug-in API examples. Speech recognition - knowledge-based approaches, stochastic, connectionism; phoneme recognition, lexical access, prosody. Speech synthesis - formants, concatenation, linguistic knowledge; TTS, SSC, dialogue, speaker characteristics etc
Multimedia Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to technologies for multimedia communications. Efficient representation of multimedia data, including video, image, and audio, Compression technologies: H.26x, MPEG, and JPEG. Deliverance a variety of networks: Sending multimedia over ATM, wireless, and IP networks, Error resilience and quality of service The H.32x series, standards for audiovisual communication systems in various network environments. Current research results in multimedia communications
Electromagnetics (3 Credit Hours)
Electromagnetic Model, Vector Analysis. Coulomb’s law. Gauss’s law and applications. Electric potential Conductors and dielectrics in static electric field Electric flux density and dielectric constant Boundary conditions for electrostatic fields Capacitance and Capacitors Electrostatic energy and forces. Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations and uniqueness. Method of images. Boundary-value problems. Current density and ohm’s law. Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws. Joule’s law, boundary conditions, resistance. Magneto-statics in free space. Vector magnetic potential, Biot-Savart law. Magnetic dipole, magnetization. Magnetic field intensity, magnetic circuits. Magnetic materials, boundary conditions, inductance. Magnetic energy, magnetic forces, torque. Time varying fields and Maxwell’s equations introduction
Antenna Design (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction – Examples of antenna systems, radiation patterns, directivity, polarization, impedance, Friiis’ equation, the radar equation, antenna temperature and noise. Antenna radiation – the antenna as a source of radiation, duality and reciprocity, near and far-field form a dipole, image theory, mutual coupling. Aperture antennas and Babinet’s principle, micro strip antennas. Linear and planar antenna arrays, synthesis of radiation patterns. Physical limits – Super directivity, bandwidth vs. size, mutual resistance and correlation. Practical design – High gain, conformal, low frequency, and terminal antennas. System aspects – Radar, radar cross-section of antennas, radio propagation, link budget, fading space and polarization diversity. Cellular and sector systems, adaptive and multi-beam antennas.
Mobile Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Need for Mobile System Basic Cellular System. Performance Criteria, Operation of Cellular System. Analog and Digital Cellular Systems. Elements of Cellular System Design Specifications of Analog System. Cell Coverage for Signal and Traffic, Cell Site and Mobile Antennas, Co Channel Interference Reduction
Power Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to the Scope of Power Electronics Solid State Device used in Power Electronics, Power Diode, Power BJT, Power MOSFET, SCR. GTO, IGBT, TRIAC, DIAC. Semi-Controlled , Full Controlled and Uncontrolled Rectifiers: Single Phase and 3 Phase, Sin Pulse, Twelve Pulse & Twenty four Pulse Rectifiers, Single Phase and three Phase Invertors, UPS. DC to DC Converters. Switched Mode Power. Study the Characteristics of SCR, Control Power through load using Thyristors (SCR, TRIACS), Study of Series Inverter and Chopper Circuits, Study of Single Phase and Three Phase Rectifications, Three Phase controlled rectifications
Industrial Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Time Delay Action. Resistance Welding with Solid State Circuits. High Frequencies and Shorter Wavelengths (Ultrasonic, Induction Heating, Light, Color, Infra-red or Heat-rays Ultra-violet-Rays, Lasers, X-Rays, Gamma rays).Programmable Logic Controllers and Distributed Control Systems. Temperature Recorders. Non-electronic Devices
Feedback Control System (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to Control Systems, Open-Loop and Closed- Loop Systems, Transfer Function. Importance of Modeling. Formation of Differential Equations of Electrical, Mechanical Electromechanical and other Systems. Block Diagram, Signal Flow Graph. Poles and Zeros of a Transfer Function, Stability, Standardized Inputs, Steady- State and Transient Response of First – Order, Second Order and Higher Order Systems. Transient Response Specification in Time and Frequency Domain. Introduction to State – Space Concepts and Terminology, Formation of State and Output Equations for Physical Systems. Roulth’s Stability Criterion, Types and Analysis of Feedback Control Systems Based on Steady – State Error Coefficients, Sensitivity Functions. Root Locus Method. Bode Plots, Polar Plots, Nyquist Stability Criterion, Gain and Phase Margin, Nichol’s Chart.
Microwave Theory & Devices (3 Credit Hours)
Dielectric heating and microwave ovens, safety standards. Guided wave propagation in rectangular and circular waveguides and guides of arbitrary cross section. Passive microwave components and scattering matrices. Microwave resonators. Strip line and micro strip components and circuits. Microwave active devices. Ferrites and nonreciprocal devices. Microwave systems and demonstrations (Doppler radar, microwave relay systems, microwave network analyzer, etc.).
Optical Fiber Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Optical beams and resonators including ray tracing, Gaussian beam propagation, stable and unstable resonators; classical theory of spontaneous and stimulated emission including a discussion of homogeneous and inhomogeneous line broadening; laser pumping and population inversion in three level and four level systems; fundamentals of laser oscillation, dynamics and threshold; laser cavity equations; laser spiking and mode competition; Q-switching; active and passive mode locking; injection locking; single frequency operation; introduction to fiber lasers and active optical fiber devices. Design Considerations of a Fiber Optics Communication Systems: Analog and Digital Modulator, Noise in Detection Process, BIT Error Rate (BER). System design. Maximum Transmission distance due to attenuation and dispersion.
Satellite Communications (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to Satellite Communication, Satellite Link Design, Propagation Characteristics of Fixed and Mobile Satellite Links, Channel Modeling, Access Control Schemes, System Performance Analysis, System Design, Mobile Satellite Services, Global Satellite Systems, National Satellite Systems, Mobile Satellite Network Design, Digital Modem Design, Speech Code Design, Error Control Codec Design, Low Earth Orbit Communication Satellite Systems
Communication System Engineering (3 Credit Hours)
** Introduction:** Fundamental terms and definitions, information, message, message, signal, analog and digital signals, elements of communication systems, modulating and coding need for modulation, coding methods and benefits.
**Signals and spectra:** Method of signal representation, time and frequency domain, mathematical representation of signals, Fourier series and Fourier transform, power in a signal, Parseval’s power theorem. Raleigh energy theorem, properties of Fourier Transform, convolution of signals, specific signal types as impulse step and signum function.
**Signal Transmission and filtering:** Linear time invariant systems, impulse response and superposition integral, transfer function, block diagram analysis, distortion and equalizers, transmission loss and repeater, ideal and real filters, quadature filters and Hilbert transform, correlation and spectral density. Probability and Random variables: Probability functions, probability models and distributions, statistical averages.
**Random Signals and Noise:** Random process, ensemble and time average, stationary and ergolic process, noise equivalent BW, Analog base band transmission. Linear Modulation: Band pass systems and signals, AM, DSB, SSB, VSB, modulated signals, modulators, balanced modulator, & witching modulator, SSB generation (method), demodulators, synchronous, detection, heterodyne detection, envelope detection.
**Transmission Lines: **Fundamentals of Transmission line, characteristics impedance, losses in T/L. Standing waves, quarter and half wave lines, reactance properties of T/L fundamentals of smith chart, double stub, directional couplers bluns.
**Exponential CW Modulation:** Frequency and phase modulation, bandwidth criteria, generation methods, receivers, de-emphasis filtering.
Pulse Modulation: Sampling Theory, ideal sampling and reconstruction, aliasing, PAM, PWM, PPM.
Data Compression Methods (3 Credit Hours)
Current techniques in image and video compression. Basic theory and performance of compression algorithms. Information Theory; Scalar quantization; Vector quantization - LBG algorithm, structured VQs; Transform Coding - KLT, DCT LOT, wavelets; Sub band Coding; Bit allocation techniques ; Video compression - Motion estimation and compensation; Image and Video Coding standards: JPEG, MPEG, H.263
Data Network Design (3 Credit Hours)
Review of Basic Data Communications. Switching. Virtual LANs and Design IGRP, ACL, IPX. Communication Devices, IP Addressing Media and Design Structured Cabling WAN Design Point-to-Point Protocol (PPP) Integrated Services Digital Network (ISDN) Frame Relay (FR) The OSI 7-Layer Internetworking Model The Media Layers: Ethernet & TCP/IP The Host Layers: Application, Presentation, & Session Introduction to WAN Technologies The Networking Layer & Routing The Router User Interface & Modes Displaying Router Configuration Information Router Setup & Setup Configuration Router Configuration Sources for Cisco IOS Software Fundamentals of TCP/IP Configuration IP Addresses & Router Interfaces Router Configuration and Routing Protocols Access Lists and Firewalls
Digital System Design (4 Credit Hours)
Basic Hardware Modeling, Hierarchical Modeling Concepts, Verilog Constructs, Gate-level Modeling, Dataflow Modeling, Behavioral Modeling, Switch-level Modeling. Timing and Delays. Programming Languages Interface, Logic Synthesis and Verilog. Advance State Machines Concepts. Asynchronous Design, Hardware Description Language, Bus interfacing, and DSP architecture.
Networking with TCP/IP (3 Credit Hours)
Networking Basics (An Overview).Protocols & Communications Channels: The OSI model, Protocol variations, Importance of layer distinctions, Communications channels. IP Addresses, Configuration and Routing. Repeaters, Routers, Gateways, Bridges Domain Name System (DNS) Berkeley Internet Name Domain (BIND). TCP/IP Troubleshooting: Basic approach to troubleshooting, Tools: ping, netstat, nslookup, dig, traceroute. Testing connectivity and network access: Testing routing and name service. Network Applications and Servers. Client/Server Model Telnet File Transfer Protocol (FTP) Hypertext Transport Protocol (HTTP) Network File System (NFS)
Network Prgramming (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, terminology, OSI and TCP/IP reference Models, layered architecture, data link layer: protocols, Ethernet, bridges. Protocols: IP, TCP, UDP, FTP, PPP, ARP, RARP, ICMP, DNS, SNMP, SMTP, NFS. Networking Commands: netstat, ifconfig, ping, traceroute, tcpdump, sock, telnet, rlogin Berkeley sockets: C/C++, Java, NT. Application Layer: security, SNMP, mail, WWW. UNIX programming.
Network Security (3 Credit Hours)
Overview of network security Cryptography Authentication Real-world protocols using cryptography Gaining access Maintaining access Maintaining access Covering tracks Intrusion detection systems Denial-of-service DDoS Viruses Worms Honeypots Anonymization IP spoofing Infrastructure attacks Social engineering
Network Management (3 Credit Hours)
Overview of Network Management. Network Technology as Related to Network Management. N.M. Foundations (OSI model, ASN.1). SNMP Information model (SNMPv1, MIB model). SNMP Communication model. SNMP Remote Monitoring (RMON) Management of Broadband Services (DSL, ATM) Management of Telecommunication Networks (TMN) CORBA Network Management. Network Management Tools & Applications.
Intelligent Systems (3 Credit Hours)
Definition of systems. Modeling and Control. Continuous and Discrete Dynamic models. Markov decision processes Foundations of intelligent systems and controls. Numerical optimization using Newton-Raphson methods, Linear programming, Dynamic programming, Genetic algorithms Graphical models Expert systems, Bayesian networks, Neural networks Complex systems: Hybrid, distributed, and uncertain systems Definition of stable, robust, and Fault-tolerant performance Adaptation and learning
Communication Electronics (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction. Radio Frequency Circuits. Amplitude Modulation, Transmitters and Receivers. Suppressed-Carrier AM Systems. Angle Modulation. Phase Locked Loops and Frequency Synthesis. FM Equipment. Television. Telephone Systems. Digital Communications and Transmission. Modems, LAN and WAN. Transmission Lines, Wave Propagation, and Antennae Microwave Devices. Terrestrial Systems and Satellite Communications. Fiber Optics. Mobile and Personal Communications Systems
Artificial Intelligence and Decision (4 Credit Hours)
Types of Intelligence, Cognitive Models, Knowledge Representation, Pattern Matching, Functional Programming in LISP (or Prolog), Goal-based Systems, Heuristic Search and Games, Expert Systems. Language Understanding, Robotics and Computer Vision, Theorem Proving and Deductive Systems and Learning. Applications Using Commercially Available Expert Systems
Artificial Neural Networks (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction, Benefits of Neural Network Technology. Biological Neuron. Model of a Single Artificial Neuron. Neural network architectures. Learning paradigms; supervised learning, reinforcement learning, Hebbian learning, BoltzMann learning, un-supervised learning. Early neuron models; Mc Cluchpitt’s model, perceptron, ADALINE. Feed forward neural networks; multilayer perceptron networks, radial basis Function networks. Hopfield’s network simulated annealing. Introduction to modular neural networks.
Automatic Speech Recognition (3 Credit Hours)
Introduction to automatic speech recognition by computers, including digital sampling, Introduction to biophysics of human ear. Fourier transformation, Phonemic classification by neural networks and Viterbi search. Wave files, phonetics, artificial neural networks.
Sensor Networks (3 Credit Hours)
Basic Concepts of Sensor Networks. Deployment. Application. Networking Basic concepts. Directed Diffusion. Data Aggregation and Other methods E |