Pharmacy Orientation

Introduction and orientation to the Profession of Pharmacy in relation to Hospital Pharmacy, Retail Pharmacy, Industrial Pharmacy, Forensic Pharmacy, Pharmaceutical education and research etc

History And Literature Of Pharmacy

  1. A survey of the history of pharmacy through ancient Greek and Arab periods with special reference to contribution of Muslim scientists to pharmacy and allied sciences.
  2. An introduction of various official books.

Physico-Chemical Principles

  1. Solutions: Introduction, types, concentration expressions, ideal and real solution, colligative properties, their mathematical derivations and applications in pharmacy, molecular weight determinations, distribution co-efficient and its applications in pharmacy.
  2. Solubilization: Factors affecting solubility. Surfactants, their properties and types. Micelles; their formulation and types.
  3. Adsorption: Techniques and processes of adsorption in detail.
  4. Ionization: pH, pH indicators, pka, buffers, buffer’s equation, isotonic solutions and their applications in pharmacy.
  5. Hydrolysis: Types and protection of drugs against hydrolysis.
  6. Micromeritics: Particle size, shapes and distribution of particles. Methods of determination of particle size and importance of particle size in Pharmacy


  1. Colloids: Types, methods of preparation, properties (optional, kinetic, electrical). Dialysis and artificial kidney, stability of colloids, protection and sensitization phenomenon and application of colloids in Pharmacy.
  2. Emulsions: Types, theories of emulsification, emulsifying agents their classification and stability of emulsion.
  3. Suspensions: Type, Methods of Preparation, Properties, Suspending agents, their classification and stability

NOTE: Practicals of the subject shall be designed from time to time on the basis of the above mentioned theoretical topics and availability of the facilities e.g. Determination of Emulsion systems; Determination of particle size; Density, Specific Volume, Weights and Volumes of Liquids; Preparation of Buffer solutions and isotonic solution; Determination of %age composition of solutions by Specific Gravity method.