General Introduction

Historical development and scope of Pharmacognosy. Terminology used in Pharmacognosy. An introduction of traditional systems (Unani, Ayurvedic and Homoeopathic systems of medicine) with special reference to medicinal plants. Introduction to herbal pharmacopoeia and modern concepts about Pharmacognosy.

Crude Drugs

Preparation of crude drugs for commercial market. Chemical and Therapeutic classification of crude drugs (Official & Un-official drugs). Methods of Cultivation, Drying, Storage, Preservation and Packing.Toggle content goes here, click edit button to change this text.

The Study Of The Crude Drugs Belonging To Various Families Of Medicinal Importance


Crude Drugs:Aconitum, Larkspur, Pulsatilla, Hydrastis


Crude Drugs:Papaver somniferum, Sanguinaria, Canadensis


Crude Drugs:Acacia, Glycyrrhiza, Senna, Cassia, Tamarind


Crude Drugs:Fennel, Carum, Coriander, Conium, Asafoetida


Crude Drugs:Rauwolfia, Catharanthus


Crude Drugs:Gymnema sylvestre, Calotropis gigantea


Crude Drugs:Artemisia, Silybum marianum, Echinaceae, Arctium lappa


Crude Drugs:Belladonna, Hyoscyamus, Stramonium, Capsicum


Digitalis, Verbascum (Mullien).


Crude Drugs:Peppermint, Thyme, Spearmint, Salvia, Ocimum


Crude Drugs:Garlic, Colchicum, Aloe


Crude Drugs:Ginger, Curcuma

Evaluation And Adultration Of Crude Drugs

Evaluation of crude drugs i.e., Organoleptic, Microscopic, Physical, Chemical and Biological. Deterioration and Adulteration of crude drugs. Types of adulteration, inferiority, spoilage, admixture, sophistication and substitution of crude drugs


Practicals of the subject shall be designed from time to time on the basis of the above mentioned theoretical topics and availability of the facilities e.g. Introduction of the entire and broken parts of the plant drugs (Macro and organoleptic characters). Microscopic examination of powders and sections of plant drugs.
(Note: A minimum of 10 practicals will be conducted).
A Study Tour will be an integral part of the syllabus and will be arranged at the end of the session for collection of medicinal plants from the country.