The course is designed with a view to give learners an awareness of sound system of English;
speech sounds and how they differ; pattern information; changes in sounds according to the
context; stress and intonation affecting meaning. Emphasis will be on facilitating learners as
they use English in their daily lives. The course includes an introduction to the IPA symbols
and the system of phonetic transcription.

Course Contents:

  • Introduction to Phonetics & Phonology
    • Introduction to Phonetics & Phonology
    • Branches of Phonetics
    • Difference between Phonetics and Phonology
  • Stages in the production of speech
    • Speech organs
    • Manner of articulation
  • Segmental Phonology
    • Phonemes and allophones
      • Consonants
      • Vowels
      • Diphthongs and triphthongs
    • Syllable and syllabic structure
      • Consonant clusters
      • Syllable
      • Word stress: nouns, verbs, and adjectives
  • Suprasegmental Phonology
    • Sounds in connected speech
      • Weak forms
      • Assimilation, elision and liaison
    • Sentence stress and intonation
  • Contrastive Phonology
  • Teaching of pronunciation

Recommended Readings:

  1. Burquest, D. A. (2001). Phonological analysis: A functional approach. Dallas: SIL International.
  2. Celce-Murcia, M., Brinton, D. & Goodwin, J. (1996). Teaching Pronunciation: reference for Teachers of English to speakers of Other Languages. Cambridge: CUP.
  3. Cruttenden, A. (1994). Gimson‟s Pronunciaton of English. Oxford: Edward Arnold.
  4. Giegerich, H. (1992). English Phonology: An Introduction. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  5. Gimson, A. C. (1984). An Introduction to the Pronunciation of English. London: Edward Arnold.
  6. Hogg, R & Mc Cully, C.B. (1987). Metrical Phonology: A Course Book. Cambridge. CUP.
  7. Kenworthy, J. (1987). Teaching English Pronunciation. London: Longman.
  8. Knowles, G. (1987). Patterns of Spoken English. London: Longman.
  9. Kreidler, C. W. (1989). The Pronunciation of English. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.
  10. Roach, P. (2000). English Phonetics and Phonology: A Practical Course. Cambridge.
  11. . Rocca, I & Johnson, W. (2005). A Course in Phonetics. Oxford: Basil Blackwell.