• Develop vision of historical perspective, government, politics, contemporary Pakistan, ideological background of Pakistan.
  • Study the process of governance, national development, issues arising in the modern age and posing challenges to Pakistan.

Course Outline

Historical Perspective

  1. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah.
  2. Factors leading to Muslim separatism
  3. People and Land
  4. Indus Civilization
  5. Muslim advent

iii.         Location and geo-physical features.

  1. Government and Politics in Pakistan

Political and constitutional phases:

  1. 1947-58
  2. 1958-71
  3. 1971-77
  4. 1977-88
  5. 1988-99
  6. 1999 onward


  1. Contemporary Pakistan
  2. Economic institutions and issues
  3. Society and social structure
  4. Ethnicity
  5. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges
  6. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan

Recommended Books:

  1. Burki, Shahid Javed. State & Society in Pakistan, The Macmillan Press Ltd 1980.
  2. Akbar, S. Zaidi. Issue in Pakistan’s Economy. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 2000.
  3. S.M. Burke and Lawrence Ziring. Pakistan’s Foreign policy: An Historical analysis. Karachi: Oxford University Press, 1993.
  4. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Political Roots & Development. Lahore, 1994.
  5. Wilcox, Wayne. The Emergence of Banglades., Washington: American Enterprise, Institute of Public Policy Research, 1972.
  6. Mehmood, Safdar. Pakistan Kayyun Toota, Lahore: Idara-e-Saqafat-e-Islamia, Club Road, nd.
  7. Amin, Tahir. Ethno – National Movement in Pakistan, Islamabad: Institute of Policy Studies, Islamabad.
  8. Ziring, Lawrence. Enigma of Political Development. Kent England: WmDawson & sons Ltd, 1980.
  9. Zahid, Ansar. History & Culture of Sindh. Karachi: Royal Book Company, 1980.
  10. Afzal, M. Rafique. Political Parties in Pakistan, Vol. I, II & III. Islamabad: National Institute of Historical and cultural Research, 1998.
  11. Sayeed, Khalid Bin. The Political System of Pakistan. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1967.
  12. Aziz, K. K. Party, Politics in Pakistan, Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1976.
  13. Muhammad Waseem, Pakistan Under Martial Law, Lahore: Vanguard, 1987.
  14. Haq, Noor ul. Making of Pakistan: The Military Perspective. Islamabad: National Commission on Historical and Cultural Research, 1993.