The main objective of this course is to understand the different motions of objects on a macroscopic scale and to develop simple mathematical formalisms to analyze such motions. This is a calculus-based introductory course with maximum emphasis on applying the acquired knowledge to solving problems.
Units and Dimensions, SI Units, Changing Units, Scalars and Vectors, Adding Vectors: Graphical as well as Component Method, Multiplying Vectors: Dot and Cross Products.
Motion in One, Two and Three Dimensions:
Position & Displacement, Velocity and Acceleration, Motion under Constant Acceleration, Projectile Motion, Uniform Circular Motion, Relative Velocity and Acceleration in One and Two Dimensions, Inertial and Non-Inertial Reference Frames.
Newton’s Laws of Motion and their Applications involving some particular forces including Weight, Normal Force, Tension, Friction, and Centripetal Force, Newton’s Law of Gravitation, Gravitational Potential Energy, Escape Velocity, Kepler’s Laws, Satellite Orbits & Energy.
Work and Kinetic Energy:
Work done by Constant and Variable Forces: Gravitational and Spring Forces, Power, Conservative and Non-conservative Forces, Work and Potential Energy, Isolated Systems and Conservation of Mechanical Energy, Work Done by External Forces including Friction and Conservation of Energy.
System of Particles:
Motion of a System of Particles and Extended Rigid Bodies, Center of Mass and Newton’s Laws for a System of Particles, Linear Momentum, Impulse, Momentum & Kinetic Energy in One and Two Dimensional Elastic and Inelastic Collisions.
Rotation about a Fixed Axis, Angular Position, Angular Displacement, Angular Velocity and Angular Acceleration, Rotation under Constant Angular Acceleration, relationship between Linear and Angular Variables, Rotational Inertia, Parallel-axis Theorem, Torque and Newton’s Law for Rotation, Work and Rotational Kinetic Energy, Power, Rolling Motion, Angular Momentum for a single Particle and a System of Particles, Conservation of Angular Momentum, Precession of a Gyroscope, Static Equilibrium involving Forces and Torques, Determination of moment of inertia of various shapes i.e. for disc, bar and solid sphere.
Angular Velocity, Conservation of angular momentum, effects of Torque and its relation with angular momentum.
Simple Harmonic Motion (SHM):
Amplitude, Phase, Angular Frequency, Velocity and Acceleration in SHM, Linear and Angular Simple Harmonic Oscillators, Energy in SHM, Simple Pendulum, Physical Pendulum, SHM and Uniform Circular Motion, Damped Harmonic Oscillator.
Special Theory of Relativity:
Inertial and non-inertial frame, Postulates of Relativity, The Lorentz Transformation, Derivation, Assumptions on which inverse transformation is derived, Consequences of Lorentz transformation, Relativity of time, Relativity of length, Relativity of mass, Transformation of velocity, variation of mass with velocity, mass energy relation and its importance, relativistic momentum and Relativistic energy, (Lorentz invariants) E2=c2 p2+m2 c 4